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Normal Language and Speech Development in Children

Before the age of 2, children learn grammar with words by using signs such as gestures and mimics. Around the age of 2, children begin to use grammatical rules by reducing signs to combine words to create different meanings.

Normal in Children

Language and Speech Development

Scientists and parents once thought that the process of learning language and speech begins in the first ten to eighteen months, that is, when the first words are produced. Researchers have shown that the beginning of this process is actually much earlier.

 

The baby's auditory system is developing well in the last three months of pregnancy and begins to hear many sounds in the womb. The baby is also very interested in the accents of his mother tongue and the voice of his mother, which reaches him through the amniotic fluid. In this way, speech rhythms are ingrained in the child's brain when he is born.

 

After birth, babies do not yet mentally or physically control the organs that enable them to speak, but they spend most of their time listening to their mother's voice and recording all kinds of language-related information. In fact, babies can use many communication ways such as different crying tones, laughing and babbling for different requests long before they say their first words. The first communication with your baby starts long before he/she understands or uses language. Your baby responds to your voice by kicking or babbling during feeding or changing. He tells you his positive feelings by smiling and the negative ones by crying. Even while producing his first meaningful words, he accompanies them with hand signals so that the other person can understand them. Parents, on the other hand, analyze these reactions in a short time and respond to them, thus enriching the communication.

 

Crying, laughing and making meaningless sounds are babies' first attempts to speak. Towards the end of their first year, they make meaningful speech-like sounds. The first meaningful words begin to be produced after the twelfth month. There may be individual differences at this point: some babies constantly struggle to make meaningful sounds, while others wait until they are ready for it. After the eighteenth month, the process of learning new words of babies accelerates considerably and great changes can be seen even in a week. This is the period when children's vocabulary develops rapidly, but learning a language requires more than producing individual words. By combining words, changing their places, adding certain syllables or sounds, etc. it is necessary to be able to produce different meanings using rules, this is grammar.

 

Before the age of 2, children learn grammar with words by using signs such as gestures and mimics. Around the age of 2, children begin to use grammatical rules by reducing signs to combine words to create different meanings. After the age of 2.5, their vocabulary develops rapidly, and the sentences they produce are enriched in terms of semantics and grammar. By the age of 4-5, children can now express their wishes, needs and interests in long and complex sentences without difficulty and can easily understand most of what they hear around them.

Our Center, which is affiliated to the Ministry of National Education, provides service with a Free Pre-Interview Appointment System. You can come to our center by making an appointment with the child as soon as possible.

Kreşte Çocuk
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